ARCTIC ROUTES OF LASER
by Vera PARAFONOVA, journalist How can one kill a gas blowout well? Only by its fragmentation (cutting to blocks) and consequent separation using special equipment. Several years ago to conduct remote accident recovery works the members of the State Scientific Center of the Institute of Innovative and Thermonuclear Research (Troitsk) (Rosatom State Corporation) together with the IRE-Polyus Research and Development Association (Fryazino, Moscow Region) suggested a mobile laser up to 24 kW power technological complex MLTK-20 whose coherent (monochromatic) radiation provides remote cutting of heavy-walled elements of emergency oil-gas derricks to pieces. The latest design of physicists passed ground tests and was repeatedly used in elimination of open-gas blowout. LEADING POSITIONS The history of the Scientific Center where promising types of lasers are developed today started in 1956 when the Magnetic Laboratory of the USSR Academy of Sciences was organized on the initiative of Acad. Anatoly Alexandrov* in Krasnaya Pakhra (Moscow Region). In 1961 it was incorporated into the Kurchatov Institute * See: N. Ponomarev-Stepnoi, "At the Head of the Nuclear Branch", Science in Russia, No. 2, 2003; Ye. Velikhov, "Unable to Live Otherwise"; M. Mokulsky, "Rebirth of the Nation's Genetics"; V. Popov, "Scientific Works of Academician Alexandrov", Science in Russia, No. 1, 2013.--Ed. стр. 20 of Atomic Energy (IAE)*, on whose basis primarily the Plasma Power Engineering Division was created in 1970 and then the IAE branch in 1971 reorganized into the Institute of Innovative and Thermonuclear Research in Troitsk in 1991. The 1970s are rightfully considered time of the uppermost creative effort of the institute. It was just then that the institute headed by Acad. Yevgeny Velikhov** (from 1971 to 1978) made an advance in a number of sciences such as physics of plasma, laser technology, superconductivity and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) gen ... Читать далее
Eesti Online · 829 days ago 0 119
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