by Stella PISAREVA, Director of the Museum of History of Kazan University (Republic of Tatarstan)
Yefim Bushkanets, a student of the Department of History and Philology at Kazan University, future professor of the Teachers' Training College, in 1946 proposed an idea in the Leninets newspaper to establish a museum of history in the oldest higher education institution of Russia founded in 1804 by Emperor Alexander I. However, this work began only in 1978, when the university planned its 175th anniversary. The museum was accommodated in one of the most interesting premises of the main building constructed in 1825--a former church. A year later, on November 30, 1979, the museum was opened and soon became one of the most important propaganda centers promoting national science and culture.
The Imperial Kazan University in the 1830s. From the lithograph by Vasily Turin.
The exposition starts with the documents of a special historical significance: the Approval Certificate in nine pages in a green velvet case, embroidered with a golden thread, the State Seal, expounding tasks, rights and fundamentals of the educational institution and the First Charter of the Imperial Kazan University determining its structure: 4 departments (moral and political sciences, physical and mathematical, medical and philological sciences, including the chair of Eastern languages), 28 professors, 12 associate professors, 3 lecturers and 3 teachers of "pleasant arts". Both originals were signed by Alexander I on November 5, 1804.
One of the central parts in the main section of the exposition dedicated to academic science is the corner of Nikolai Lobachevsky, founder of the non-Euclidean geometry (1826) and rector of the University (1827-1846), exhibiting his portrait and articles from the scientist's study.
On a small table, there is a hand-written pad of an incomplete geometry text-book, an inkpot, a personal signet in t ... Читать далее