N. V. GALISHCHEVA
Candidate of Economic Sciences
India Keywords:, diaspora, money transfers, emigration
More than 25 million Indians currently live outside their historical homeland. Together, they form the second largest diaspora in the world (after China), whose representatives are characterized by high adaptability, entrepreneurship and hard work. Even in a foreign land, Indians preserve and carefully pass on to their descendants folk traditions and customs. They do not break ties with their historical homeland and, having achieved success, share their experience, knowledge and resources with it. The diaspora has a significant impact on the development of the Indian economy.
You can take an Indian out of India, but you can't take India out of his heart.
An Indian proverb.
In the history of the formation of the Indian diaspora, 3 stages can be clearly traced: pre-colonial (until about the middle of the XVIII century), colonial (from the middle of the XVIII century to 1947) and post-colonial (after 1947).
"EMPIRE OF THE INDIAN DIASPORA"
The pre-colonial stage is characterized by minor sporadic bursts of migration of Indians outside the country. These were mainly warriors who conquered "overseas" lands, navigators and merchants who established trade relations with the countries of Southeast Asia (SE) and East Africa, as well as religious ascetics. Meanwhile, it was economic ties with foreign countries that led to the formation of permanent Indian communities in them. The migrants were mostly from the coastal regions of Hindustan.
During the colonial period, the formation of the modern image of the Indian diaspora began. In the first half of the 19th century, the British forcibly exported the Indian population to Africa, the islands of Ceylon (since 1972 Sri Lanka), Mauritius, Seychelles and Fiji, as well as to the regions of Southeast Asia and the Caribbean to work on sugar cane, coffee, tea, etc. In the second half of the same century, three more types of labor exp ... Read more