K. A. LIKHACHEV
India Keywords:, Pakistan, Islamic extremism, radicalism, terrorism
In the first decade of the twenty-first century, the nature of the activities of Islamic extremist organizations in India has undergone significant changes. To a certain extent, this is due to the general evolution of the phenomenon of international terrorism. Along with actions directed against members of the Indian army and police, the number of attacks on civilians, as well as attacks on government buildings, increased.
In the 2000s, Islamic terrorists made a number of attempts to paralyze the life of various Indian cities by bombing or attacking government facilities. Attacks on temples and holy sites belonging to both Hindus and Muslims - members of the moderate part of the community who do not want to support jihad-have also become more frequent. Until recently, the spread of Islamic extremism was largely confined to the northwestern states of India, primarily Jammu and Kashmir (DiK). Today, the borders of terrorism in the country are expanding.
There are two periods, or waves, of the greatest Islamist activity in northwest India in the last decade: early 2001-autumn 2003 and summer 2005-autumn 2008.
The decline in extremist activity from late 2003 to mid-2005 is explained by the temporary suspension of Pakistan's support for terrorist groups in India. It should be borne in mind that the most active Islamist organizations, both initially Kashmiri and Pakistani, as part of the Joint Jihad Council (JDC) had their headquarters in Pakistan or were associated with Pakistani radical groups, 1 coordinated by the Interagency Intelligence Service of Pakistan (MP).
In turn, the reason for the decline of the second terrorist wave, which began in the summer of 2005, was the reaction of the world community, outraged by the major terrorist attack that occurred in India in November 2008.
THE FIRST WAVE
In 2000, the Government of India responded to the peace initiatives of t ... Read more