V. V. ZELYONY, Candidate of Political Sciences, Military Academy of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
Keywords: principle, counterterrorism, morality, Israel
The international community has not yet formulated common principles for combating terrorism. What are the main reasons for this? First of all, there are differences in the functioning norms of different political systems - norms that directly affect the principles of the fight against terrorism. The second reason is the permanent transformation of the forms and methods of terrorist activity, as a result of which the very principles of countering terrorism change.
These reasons do not prevent the development of principles for combating terrorism at the national level. In some countries, for example, in the Russian Federation, they are declared in the documents of the regulatory framework and implemented in practice.1
In Israel, the situation is different. These principles have not been formally established, but in the course of counterterrorism activities in Israeli society, a number of provisions have been developed, the fundamental nature of which allows us to consider them as principles.
The semantic field of the concept of "principle" is quite broad. The synthesis of its various meanings, given, for example, in the Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language 2 or the Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Teacher 3 in relation to counter-terrorism activities, allows us to characterize the concept of "principle" as a stable position that determines the norms of behavior, compliance with which contributes to the optimal achievement of the goals of counter-terrorism activities.
The principles of combating terrorism have two main sources. The first is the need for counterterrorism practice, which is characterized by the large-scale use of law enforcement agencies, including special services. Compliance with the provisions developed on the basis of practice ensures the effectiveness of counter-terrori ... Read more