TRENDS, PATTERNS, AND PROSPECTS
M. L. BOGDANOV
Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation for the Middle East Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Russia Keywords:, Egypt, Soviet / Russian-Egyptian relations
This August marked the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Moscow and Cairo. This significant date is a good reason to try to systematize and understand the ambiguous factors that determined the nature of our relations with Cairo, especially after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Today, when there is a mutual search for ways of Russian-Egyptian cooperation, it is especially useful to look at the retrospective of our relations.
Russia's ties with Egypt have always had a significant impact on the changing world order, especially in the regional context. Even today, they cover the economy, affect interfaith relations in various parts of the world, address the most acute global and regional problems - overcoming armed conflicts and preventing their occurrence, countering international terrorism, and combating drug trafficking. This was particularly evident in the light of the political upheavals that began in the 2000s in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.
Over the past four decades, Russian-Egyptian relations have gone through three main stages in their development: the crisis period (the first half of the 1970s - mid-1990s), the search for ways to restore and develop new forms of cooperation (the mid-1990s-early 2000s), and the stage of modernization and recovery (the first decade of the XXI century).
The" Soviet legacy " in Egypt in the early 1990s, when the Soviet Union collapsed, left a contradictory impression.
On the one hand, the high-rise Aswan dam is a jewel in a series of economic and social facilities built with the technical and financial assistance of our country. Large, largely unique for its time metallurgical complexes in Helwan and Nag Hammadi. Hundreds o ... Read more