Author: T. V. LAZAREVA
Key words: China, national minorities, Tibet, XUAR
T. V. LAZAREVA
Candidate of Historical Sciences
National politics in China has gone through a long, zigzag path of development. Over the 60 years of the PRC's existence, in the course of resolving the national issue, forms have been found that ensure the preservation and strengthening of the country's territorial integrity (national autonomy areas have been created in places where non-Chinese people live), improve interethnic relations, and develop the economy and culture in national regions.
Mistakes and miscalculations were also made to resolve the national issue in the PRC, which had a very negative impact on national relations and overall stability in the country. However, these mistakes are being overcome, and recent years have been a very constructive period in the development of nation-building. Although China's experience in dealing with the national issue is flawed, it has many positive aspects.
At the same time, there are manifestations of separatism in such regions as Tibet, Xinjiang, and Inner Mongolia. The actions of separatist forces in China and abroad are regarded as a serious threat to the unity of the state and the cohesion of nationalities, which can destabilize the situation.
MAJOR PAIN POINTS: TIBET...
It is necessary to note the politicized approach to the current situation in the Tibet and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Regions, both from the Chinese side and from Western countries.
Naturally, when covering and analyzing the actions of the separatists, Chinese leaders pursue their own internal political interests - preserving the stability and territorial integrity of the country.
At the same time, the PRC believes that some Western countries, led by the United States, under the pretext of caring about "democracy" and "human rights" interfere in the internal affairs of multinational states. This kind of destabilizing activity is also being conducted in relation to the PRC. I ... Read more