by Marina KHALIZEVA, Science in Russia observer
Nuclear physicists marked the 85th birth anniversary of Boris Kadomtsev (1928-1998) in November of 2013. A lead nuclear physicist honored with State (1970) and Lenin (1984) Prizes, he is among the fathers of the theory of high-temperature plasma and controlled thermonuclear fusion (CTF). His works gained recognition worldwide and made him a leader of our theoretical school of hot plasma physics. Boris Kadomtsev was in the cohort of outstanding physicists who, with Lev Artsimovich at the head, pioneered in the theory of stationary systems with a thoroid magnetic field, the famous tokamaks.
Boris Kadomtsev spent his tender years in Penza, a large city in central Russia. Of inquisitive mind, he had a strong bent for natural sciences. As a magna cum laude high school graduate, in 1946, at age 16, he entered Moscow University where, attending lectures of Professor Igor Arnold on mathematics, he felt a strong interest in theoretical physics and structure of matter. Joining the Structure of Matter Department, he started learning the nuts and bolts of nuclear physics. Graduating from Moscow University with honors in 1951, the young physicist joined the Physics and Energy Institute at Obninsk, a
science town about 100 miles south of Moscow, where for as long as four years he kept working on theoretical problems of nuclear power under Dr. Dmitry Blokhintsev, a top nuclear physicist of the day. Boris Kadomtsev condensed his knowledge acquired there in his doctoral candidate dissertation presented in 1954.
Seeking to improve his mind and background, Kadomtsev began to attend the famous seminars of Lev Landau at which he, Kadomtsev, learned a good deal on science news. In 1955, among a small group of Obninsk nuclear physicists, he took part in the work of a national conference handling nuclear research problems held on the initiative of Igor Kurchatov* and attended by the flower of the nat ... Читать далее